Extruded Steel Profiles
Extreme temperatures and pressure can cause failures within pieces of expanded metal. Properly extruded steel profiles prevent this due to the way in which the metal is formed and processed. High quality extruded steel shapes are created when steel pieces of a determined length and cross section are forced through a die of a smaller cross section.
Extruded Steel Process Options
There are several ways in which extruded steel shapes can be manufactured. Each process has its own unique benefits depending on what type of part you are trying to manufacture. Deeco Metals provides the following extruded steel profile services.
Cold drawn steel is a manufacturing process that forms extruded profiles with complex cross sections. The process begins with primary pre-treatment and descaling of the steel. The extruded steel profiles are then drawn through a forming die. This process can be repeated 3 to 4 times if necessary. The cold drawing process of hot rolled steel tightens the cross-sectional tolerances, thus leading to significant improvement in dimensional accuracy and surface quality. Some other advantages relating to this extrusion method, includes:
- Smooth and scale-free surface
- Sharp edges
- Uninterrupted grain orientation
- Increased tensile strength and yield point
The hot extrusion process takes place when a round steel billet is pre-heated and, after leaving the furnace, it is then pushed through a forming die into a profile bar using a ram with an extrusion force of 2,200 ton. Hot extrusion can be used to make complex profile shapes even using metals which are difficult to form. In addition, small lot sizes can be produced economically. Other benefits of hot extrusion, includes:
- Different material thicknesses within one profile cross-section
- The possibility to use in highly sensitive areas, where the special profiles must withstand specific demands of temperature, pressure, aggressive media or hygienic requirements
- Seamless structure of solid and hollow section
The hot rolling process of creating extruded steel shapes is conducted by using two oppositely rotating cylindrical rolls. Hot rolled special profiles offer innovative solutions whether it be for automotive, materials handling, railroad or thicker flange and web thickness structural steel shapes use. Finished hot rolled steel shapes are roller straightened and sheared into production lengths or sawn into fixed lengths according to customer wishes. Some other beneficial qualities of hot rolled extruded steel shapes, include:
- Targeted strengthening of highly stressed areas of component parts
- Best mechanical properties through uninterrupted grain orientation
- Best shape properties and fitting accuracy by maintenance of the tightest tolerances
Applications for Steel Extrusions
Extruded steel profiles are used across a wide range of applications, from windows and doors to firearms manufacturing. Steel and steel alloys are some of the most widely-used materials for industrial purposes, as they provide high strength, outstanding durability, and excellent versatility. Common applications for steel extruded shapes include:
- Industrial vehicle & engine components
- Gun frames & receivers
- Window & door frames
- Door & lock hardware
- Pump & valve fittings
- Architectural components
- and many more
Why Choose Steel Extrusions?
Compared to most other materials, steel is relatively easy to extrude, making it ideal for complex profiles and intricate part shapes. It is also considerably less expensive than many other metals and alloys, making it well-suited to high quantity production runs. Because the material is readily available and easy to work with, custom steel extruded shapes can often be delivered in faster turnaround times than those produced from other metals.
Contact Deeco Metals Today
Contact us for more information on our custom extruded steel profiles and expanded metal services, or request a quote today. You can also contact us at 1-800-BRASS-84 to speak to a technical sales representative, or to schedule a full consultation.